mercredi 15 juin 2016

GW151226 : Second direct detection (first replication) of a gravitational wave detection !

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The Paper !
We report the observation of a gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of two stellar-mass black holes. The signal, GW151226, was observed by the twin detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) on December 26, 2015 at 03:38:53 UTC. The signal was initially identified within 70 s by an online matched-filter search targeting binary coalescences. Subsequent off-line analyses recovered GW151226 with a network signal-to-noise ratio of 13 and a significance greater than 5σ. The signal persisted in the LIGO frequency band for approximately 1 s, increasing in frequency and amplitude over about 55 cycles from 35 to 450 Hz, and reached a peak gravitational strain of 3.4±0.7±0.9×10-22. The inferred source-frame initial black hole masses are 14.2±8.3±3.7M and 7.5±2.3±2.3M, and the final black hole mass is 20.8±6.1±1.7M. We find that at least one of the component black holes has spin greater than 0.2. This source is located at a luminosity distance of 440±180±190 Mpc corresponding to a redshift of 0.09±0.03 ±0.04 . All uncertainties define a 90% credible interval. This second gravitational-wave observation provides improved constraints on stellar populations and on deviations from general relativity
GW151226: Observation of Gravitational Waves from a 22-Solar-Mass Binary Black Hole Coalescence B. P. Abbott et al.* (LIGO Scientific Collaboration and Virgo Collaboration) (Received 31 May 2016; published 15 June 2016) 

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